In the diagnostic work up of some cases, there are indications to employ cytology as a diagnostic tool. Examples of such indications
include physical examination findings, serum enzyme changes, ultrasonographic lesions, radiographic lesions, etc. Relatively
easy to obtain samples, rapidly obtainable results and cheap tools (other than the initial cost of the microscope) make cytology
an ideal tool to have available for in-house use. Having all of the additional clinical data available (e.g. history, physical
examination findings, therapies, diagnostic imaging findings, etc.) further enhances the usefulness of this diagnostic modality.
This interactive session will use case materials (e.g. history, physical examination, routine lab work and diagnostic imaging
findings) coupled with cytologic findings to demonstrate a systematic approach to examining cytology, germane features of
each case and cover a variety of cytologic diagnoses.
1. Ghisleni G, Roccabianca P, Stefanello D, Bertazzolo W, Bonfanti U, Caniatti M. Correlation Between Fine-needle Aspiration
Cytology and Histopathology in the Evaluation of Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Masses from Cats and Dogs. Veterinary Clinical
Pathology. 35(1): 24-30. 2006.
2. Eich CS, Whitehair JG, Moroff SD, and Heeb LA. The Accuracy of Intraoperative Cytopathological Diagnosis Compared with
Conventional Histopathological Diagnosis. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association. 36(1):16-18, 2000.
3. Cohen M, Bohling MW, Wright JC, Welles EA, and Spano JS. Evaluation of Sensitivity and Specificity of Cytologic Examination:
269 cases (1999 - 2000). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 222(7):964-967, 2002.
4. Cowell RL, Tyler RD, Meinkoth JH, DeNicola DB. Diagnostic Cytology and Hematology of the Dog and Cat. 3nd Edition. Mosby-Elsevier.
St. Louis. 2008
5. Raskin RE, Meyer DJ. Atlas of Canine and Feline Cytology. W.B. Saunders. Philadelphia. 2001.
6. Baker R, Lumsden JH. Color Atlas of Cytology of the Dog and Cat. St Louis, Mosby. 2000.
7. Cowell RL Ed. Cytology II. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. 33(1). January 2003.
8. Hall RL, MacWilliams PS. The Cytologic Examination of Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Masses. Seminars in Veterinary Medicine
and Surgery (Small Animal) 3(2):94-108, 1988.
9. Bevier DE, Goldschmidt MH. Skin Tumors in the Dog Part II: Tumors of the Soft (Mesenchymla) Tissues. Compendium on Continuing
Education for the Practicing Veterinarian. 3(6): 506-520, 1981.
10. Cowell RL Ed. Cytology I. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice. 32(6). November 2002.
11. Thrall MA. Cytologic Examination of Cutaneous and Subcutaneous Lumps and Lesions. Veterinary Medicine. 95(3): 224-241.
12. Bevier DE, Goldschmidt MH. Skin Tumors in the Dog Part III: Lymphohistiocytic and Melanocytic Tumors. Compendium on Continuing
Education for the Practicing Veterinarian. 3(7): 588-597, 1981.
13. Bevier DE, Goldschmidt MH. Skin Tumors in the Dog Part I: Epithelial Tumors and Tumorlike Lesions. Compendium on Continuing
Education for the Practicing Veterinarian. 3(5): 389-400, 1981.
14. Greene CE Ed. Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat 3rd Ed. Saunders Elsevier. St. Louis. 2006.
15. Esplin DG, Carr SH. Skin tumors and Other Cutaneous Masses. Modern Veterinary Practice. 64(1):5-10, 1983.