• Identify problems according to the 8 principles (actually, 4 pairs of principles)
Treat by acupuncture and/or herbs according to the 8 principles
• Not either/or, rather is more or less. Perfect balance is being in harmony. Extremes have more problems.
Further development of the previous idea of yin and yang
The 8 Principles
External pathogenic factors
wind (can cause problems like stiff neck, but also associated with things that come and go, including seizures, headaches,
damp (especially related to cold)
dryness (usually related to heat)
Exterior/interior =acute (exterior) or chronic (interior)
• To much or too little of: yin/yang, cold/heat, damp/dry. Deficient yang can look like excess yin.
• Deficient cold can look like excess heat.
• Excess is more boisterous, loud, aggressive. (Rottweiler personality). Deficiency is weaker, more depleted. (Toy poodle
• Feral cat: attacks you, excess. Tries to hide, get away at all costs, deficient.
• Identify the basic problem first (heat/cold, yin/yang), then decide if excess/deficiency. If a treatment is not working,
maybe it is the opposite problem.
Excess cold and excess heat can invade and cause problems
Dampness related to cold (accumulates → fluid, phlegm = lumps)
• Dryness related to heat: dry, itchy skin, constant thirst, joint problems, dry cough
Cooling and warming herbs can be good things to offset pathogens
• Cold signs: thin, watery, clear discharge. Cool extremities, sleepy, sedentary, sluggish
• Heat signs: thick, yellow, green, and/or bloody discharge. Agitation, high fever, swollen glands.
• Yin properties: cool, moist, quiet, solid organs, fearful
deficiency, underactivity, hypo, matter, parasympathetic, endorphins
• Yin: hot, dry, boisterous, hollow organs, angry
excess, overactivity, hyper, energy, sympathetic, epinephrine