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Case-based workups of sheep & goats (Proceedings)

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Aug 01, 2011

Sample production calendar

**Please note: this calendar is only designed to serve as an aid in designing a herd/flock health program. Adjustments should be made according to specific animals health needs, production goals and climate.

January

     • BCS females: should be~3/5
     • BCS males: should be ~3/5
     • U/S for pregnancy
     • Booster Chlamydiophila abortus (Chlamydia psittaci)
     • Booster Campylobacter vaccine
     • CDT vaccine - does
     • Evaluate udders

February

     • Parasite program – periparturient rise
     • Delice
     • Nutrition
          o High quality forage
          o Slowly increase grain in females
               • Supplement grain in last 2-4 weeks of gestation or allow access to lush pasture
                    - Increase from 0.5#/head/day to 1.5#/head/day over 2 weeks
               • Plan for 3-4# of good quality hay/head (>10% protein) and 1.5# grain/head/day in late gestation
               • If severe weather, may increase to 2-3# grain/head/day divided into 2 feedings
               • Aim for BCS of 3-3.5/5 at delivery

March – April

     • Kidding/Lambing
          o Dip navels
          o Colostrum
               • 10% of body weight within first 12-24 hours of afe
          o Evaluate udder
          o Castrate, disbud within 1 week of birth
          o I.D.
          o CDT kids/lambs at processing, booster 4 weeks later
     • Dams- 5.5-6# DM/head/day, which includes 1# grain/lamb/day; CP 12-14%

May

     • BCS does
     • Parasite program on adults, deworm lambs/kids
     • Decrease grain
     • Nutrition
          o Turn out onto grass after parasite evaluation
     • Creep feed kids/lambs
          o At 8-12 weeks, should gain 0.3-0.5# daily
          o Crude protein 15%, TDN 54%
          o 0.5-1#/head/day
     • CDT booster lambs/kids - 12 weeks of age

June-July

     • BCS does/ewes ~2.5-3.0/5

August

     • Wean
     • Deworm/coccidiostat to kids
     • CDT vaccine – does
     • Trim feet
     • Cull
          o Teeth, lameness, udders, poor doers, poor breeders, bad testicles
     • Semen test, Brucella ovis test bucks/rams

September

     • BCS does/ewes: 2-3/5
     • BCS bucks/rams: 3-3.5/5
     • Flush does/ewes
          o Best response from BCS 2-3/5
          o Lush pasture or supplement
               • 0.5-1.0#/head/day
          o Flush 2 weeks prior to and 2-3 weeks after turnout
     • Remove bucks/rams from sight, sound, smell of the ewes
     • CAE testing for replacements
     • Vaccinate for C. abortus / Campylobacter 2 w prior to male turnout

October-November

     • Turn out bucks/rams
          o 1:20-25 females
     • Parasite program
     • Remove bucks/rams

December

     • BCS does: 2-2.5/5