Common diseases of guinea pigs (Proceedings)


Common diseases of guinea pigs (Proceedings)

Nov 01, 2010

Heat stroke common
     • Signs: listlessness, raising of head, shallow rapid breathing
     • Tx: cool immediately by wrapping in a towel soaked in cool water or spray with cool water. +/- cool pedialyte® offered orally; SQ, IO, IP or IV fluids may also be necessary

Respiratory Infections
     • Very susceptible to upper resp. infections
     • Symptoms: nasal discharge, sneezing, difficulty breathing
     • Bordetella bronchiseptica & Strep. Pneumoniae are the most common
     • Can quickly lead to pneumonia
          o SMZ-TMP at 15-30mg/kg PO BID
          o Enrofloxicin at 5-10mg/kg PO BID
          o Doxycycline 2.5-5mg/kg PO BID

     • Most common in neonates
     • Chlamydia most common pathogen
     • Treat with topical tetracycline (Terramycin®) - Systemic treatment usually not necessary

Normal/Behavioral Dermatologic Conditions

Normal alopecia behind ear and on medial aspect of front inner legs Sebaceous glands are abundant along the dorsal surface of the guinea pig and around the anal opening. These sebaceous glands are testosterone dependent and the sebaceous secretions can be excessive in the adult male. May see clumping of hair and can lead to dermatitis in this region.

Alopecia in females can be caused by a Telogen deflexion freq. seen last trimester of pregnancy or during lactation. The alopecia is most prominent on lumbosacral area and flanks. Thinning of haircoat is also common at weaning and spontaneously resolves.
     • Barbering
     • Behavioral
          o Self-induced or by cagemates
     • Treatmen
          o Isolate pig, apply Bitter apple spray, Ignore, Increase hay (fiber)
          o Check for a Nutritional deficiency