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Exotic animal practice tips (Proceedings)

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Aug 01, 2010

Practice Tips for Reptiles
      -Place on substrates that are not easily ingested – no calcium containing sand
      -Feed appropriately sized food and prey items
      -In iguanas & some of the other lizards recommend spaying/neutering prior to sexual maturity
      -Discuss long term problems of keeping reproductively intact
      -Do not aggressively palpate females with distended coeloms or over-restrain for procedures (preovulatory stasis, egg bound, egg yolk peritonitis)
      -Kidney disease prevalent in adult iguanas probably due to chronic dehydration and high protein diets when they were young
      -Encourage feeding of dead prey – fresh killed/frozen
      -Live prey should be removed if not eaten within five minutes
      -Tail amputation done manually at natural breaking planes
      -Do not suture
      -Snakes that are preshed will have a rosey "glow" to the ventrum which is different than the petecchial hemorrhages that are seen with snakes with septicemia
      -Warn clients of possible long erm complications and dysfunction from early severe NSHP
      -Ivermectin – not in turtles, tortoises and indigo snakes; w/caution in skinks; not w/in 10 days of ketamine use
      -Standing lateral view allows for better visualization of air space, better definition of ileus and more information in lizards
      -Careful what you say!
           "Keep warm during transport"
           "Swim once per day"
           "Increase the temperature of the cage"
           "Give this once per day"
      -Specific swimming recommendations
      -Specific recommendations on heat changes
      -NEVER ASSUME
      -Thermal burns are common as heat receptors are not the same as pain receptors and will seek heat especially if ill
      -No ICe fluids w/space occupying lesion
      -Annual PE, biannual fecal exams
      -Specific swimming recommendations
      -Not all "Reptile Lights" are the same
      -Define "gut loading" insect prey items
      -Discuss Salmonella risks w/all clients
      -Brochure on Salmonella and Reptiles available through ARAV
      -ANY disease process or procedure that is considered painful in other species should be considered painful in reptiles!