Feline viral upper respiratory infection: Why it persists (Proceedings)
There is little argument among veterinarians that feline viral upper respiratory disease is perhaps the most common respiratory disorder for which cats are presented. In multiple-cat households and animal shelters world-wide, transmissible feline upper respiratory disease (URD) represents the most prevalent clinical disease in the population of cats at risk. The question that must be asked is: despite widespread use of vaccines against viral (herpesvirus and calicivirus) and bacterial (Chlamydophila felis and Bordetella bronchiseptica) respiratory disease, why do these infections persist? ...and, what can be done to effectively manage these infections within households?
This question is important, but today there are answers that will help veterinarians manage the infected cat and minimize spread of infections among cats living within a closed population. This presentation addresses the most common cause of both acute and chronic upper respiratory infection in cats: feline herpesvirus-1 (cause of feline rhinotracheitis) and feline calicivirus. From diagnosis, to clinical management of infected cats, to vaccination...the critical issues surrounding this respiratory complex will be discussed.
Several infectious organisms are known to produce clinical signs of upper respiratory disease (URD) in cats. The most important, and most common, are: