Neurologic diseases of sheep and goats (Proceedings)

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Neurologic diseases of sheep and goats (Proceedings)

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Aug 01, 2011

Cerebral diseases

Clinical signs

     • Depressed mental state, cortical blindness, circling/leaning, head pressing, opisthotonus, vocalization, seizures, bizarre behavior

Differential diagnoses

     • Polioencephalomalacia
          o Thiamine-responsive
          o Sulfur-induced
          o Lead toxicity
     • Vitamin A deficiency (Blind)
     • Salt Toxicity/Water Depriv.
     • Rabies
     • C. perfringens C/D enterotoxemia
     • Lidocaine toxicity
     • Bacterial Meningitis
     • Scrapie
     • CAE/OPP virus
     • Urea Toxicity
     • Hepatoencephalopathy
     • West Nile Virus
     • Hydrocephalus/Hydranencephaly
          o Veratrum, BTV, Border disease, Cache Valley, Akabane [FAD]
     • Heat Stress
     • Listeriosis
     • Sinusitis
     • Cerebral Edema
     • Hypoxia
     • Hypoglycemia
     • Acid-base derangement
     • Uremia
     • Hypocalcemia
     • Grass Tetany
     • Hypokalemia
     • Brain Abscess
     • Pituitary Abscess
     • Pregnancy Toxemia
     • Milk Fever
     • Brain Abscess
     • Pituitary Abscess
     • Aberrant Parasite Migration
          o P. tenuis
          o Neospora
          o Toxoplasma
     • Toxic Plants
     • Caprine Leukoencephalomyelitis
     • Borna Disease
     • Louping Ill [FAD]
     • Dandy-Walker Malformation
     • Holoprosencephaly
     • Meningocele
     • Anencephaly
     • Neoplasia