Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine: A primer (Proceedings)


Traditional Chinese veterinary medicine: A primer (Proceedings)

Apr 01, 2009

What is Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine (TCVM)?

  • Complete system of medicine

o Prevent, diagnose, and treat disease
  • Utilized over several thousands of years

o Shang Dynasty (1600-1100 B.C.)
– Diseases of animals inscribed on bone
o Written herbal documents over 3000 years old
– 1066-221 B.C.
– Early recordings of botanical and animal medicinal substances
– Case studies and toxicity


  • Entire body assessed

o Physical, mental, emotional, spiritual
o Body and the environment
  • Health = Harmony and Balance

o Promotion & maintenance of optimum health
  • Disease = Imbalance

o Cure disease
o Slow the progression of disease
o Improve quality of life

Five Branches of TCVM

  • Acupuncture
  • Chinese Herbal Medicine
  • Tui-na
  • Food Therapy
  • Qi-Gong, Tai-Chi
  • Synergism between branches

o Improved response to treatment

Fundamentals of TCM
  • Eight Principles
  • Zang Fu Organs
  • Five Treasures
  • Five Elements
  • Six Pathogens
  • Meridians

Eight Principles

  • Yin & Yang
  • Excess & Deficiency
  • Internal & External
  • Hot & Cold

Zang Fu Organs

  • 12 Zang Fu organs (internal organs)

o Husband and wife pairs
o 6 Zang organs (Yin, female)
– Solid structures
– Lung, Spleen, Heart, Kidney, Pericardium, Liver
  • 6 Fu organs (Yang, male)

o Tubular or hollow
o Large Intestine, Stomach, Small Intestine,
o Urinary Bladder, Triple Heater, Gall Bladder

Five Treasures

  • Essential fundamental substances
  • Support and control life

o Responsible for the physiological activities of the Zang Fu organs and the entire body
  • Five Treasures:

o Qi
o Shen
o Jing
o Blood
o Body Fluid